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Sewing Course 2 — Types of Seams and how to stitch them

Updated: Feb 19, 2021

Learn how to sew 4 essential types of seams — Seams are an essential element to every garment and fabric accessory, as they join the material together to create the item — Plain seam, Edge seam (top stitch), French seam, and Felled seam. Learn these essential seam types to master the art of sewing. Follow the steps shown in the video and practice to stitch the various seams to achieve perfect finish for your designer Churidars and blouse. These 4 seams are essential for any sewing enthusiast.

First week course: explains how to sew straight and curved lines and gain control over pedal and speed of a sewing machine. Follow the steps shown in the basic sewing video and practice to stitch corners by accurately stopping the machine, pivoting the needle and to turn the fabric and stitching.

This second week course on essential seams for sewing will help you to take your learnings further. By the end of this course, feel confident in joining the various pieces of fabric like sleeves joining, attaching front and back of fabric finishing edges of your garments to name a few.

4 types of essential seams and how to stitch them

Plain seam: Learn how to sew Plain seam - A plain seam is the simplest type of seam and can be used on almost any item. A plain seam is defined as any seam that attaches two pieces of fabric together with the wrong sides facing. The wrong side is the side of the fabric that doesn’t face outward when the garment or item is completed. The stitch length or type of stitch doesn’t matter, as long as it is one stitch line and it attaches two pieces of fabric.

Edge seam: Learn how to stitch Edge seam with top stitch. This type of seam is just like a plain seam except there is a top stitch added to the edge of the seam for extra strength.

French seam: Learn how to stitch French seam. A French seam should only be used on delicate, lightweight fabric, like chiffon or organza, as the seam uses a lot of material and can get bulky with heavier fabrics. Since the edges of the fabric do not show with this technique, a French seam is also great for garments where you want to hide the seams, like an unlined jacket.

Felled seam: Learn how to stitch Felled seam. A flat-felled seam is an extremely strong closed seam that is often used for items like jeans. It covers the fabric’s raw edges well and keeps the seam flat. Like the french seam, it is a double-stitched, closed seam.

Link to Basic Sewing Practice sheets for download: The explanations are in Tamil in an easy to understand way.

Understand the fundamentals and practice to avoid the mistakes most beginners make and stitch perfectly fitting Kurtis, Churidhars, blouses and western wear.

Happy sewing and wishing you all the best in becoming a Fashion Designer!



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